Sony publishes a big, luxurious field set devoted to the whole recordings of Captain Dimitri Metropoulos made in Minneapolis and New York. This re-release comes simply in time to remind us of a rare persona.
Biography of Dimitri Metropoulos (1896-1960) printed by William R Trotter in 1995 with the title music priest (music priest). The image is ideal for the conductor who, on the helm of vital establishments, the Minneapolis Orchestra from 1937 to 1949 after which the New York Orchestra from 1949 to 1958, invested himself in defending the music of his day, and whose, private life, outcast gold, worldliness and fortune.
Dimitri Metropoulos, grandson of a priest, nephew of an archbishop, was destined to turn into a monk. However when he began studying the piano on the age of seven and when some realized that he had memorized main opera music on the age of fourteen, he was despatched to the Athens Conservatory. There he composed an opera about Sister Beatrice de Maitrelinc, famous by Camille Saint-Saën who really helpful him to the Brussels Conservatory. From Brussels, Metropoulos went to Berlin to check with Bossoni, an encounter of nice significance since Bossoni satisfied him to turn into an artist relatively than a creator.
That is how Metropoulos discovered himself an assistant to Eric Kleber on the Berlin Opera. Kleber’s suggestions will then open the doorways for him. On the age of twenty-nine, he turned conductor of the Greek State Orchestra and on February 27, 1930, on the invitation of the Berlin Philharmonic, he created a sensation: Metropoulos changed his soloist, pianist Egon Petri, in a short while, performed and led the… 3e concerto by Prokofiev! Information of this feat made the musical planet excursions.
Loss of life on the rostrum
Thirty years later. On October 31, 1960, Metropoulos carried out in Cologne 3e symphony by Mahler. Microphones decide up the live performance. The state of well being of the chief, who had beforehand had coronary heart issues, is alarming. These answerable for the orchestra prompt that he abandon the live performance, however nothing labored. On the finish of the night, Metropolos takes the evening practice to Milan. Repeat the identical motion the subsequent morning with the Orchester de la Scala. The orchestra provides him a standing ovation. He instructed them, “I am drained, however I am like an previous automobile: its elements are worn out, however it works.” Reached bar 80 out of 1he’s Motion, Metropole stops, sits down. The orchestra awaits directions, however the conductor’s physique freezes, leans ahead, and falls onto the stage. Dimitri Metropoulos died in Music, for Music’s sake, in his “All the pieces Nice” symphony, which celebrates life, nature, God and love!
From Berlin to Milan, the arch extends the extraordinary lifetime of essentially the most legendary phenomenon of music preservation since Mozart. Metropoulos repeated to be free and vigil Wozzeck De Berg by coronary heart and might repeat anybody, at any time, citing tape quantity. Metropolis additionally had many enemies, as a result of he was very atypical: ascetic in his life in regard to possessions and possessions; Cream, subsequently, is commonly abused; Homosexual, and subsequently pariah. A venerable chief with an unconventional gesture, his physique appeared to be possessed by the music.
Small world, large world
There are two sorts of gazing Metropoulos: a mini New York eye and a extra world perspective. The New Yorker, who colours Trotter’s ebook and a latest article in The New York InstancesHated by a bit of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, particularly for his daring programming, admired by Metropolitan Opera musicians, Metropoulos lived in Hell on Earth, and suffered the fallout from the mixed teams of Philharmonic musicians and journalists, in addition to the betrayal of his former lover Bernstein, Decided to take his place, his Normal (New York) writer put the icing on the cake by stopping him from recording what he ought to have recorded.
It has been a very long time, after all. However let us take a look at it coolly. On the finish of the day, there may be this field of 69 CDs. Do we’ve an image that enables us to acknowledge the conduct of the large orchestra? Completely! On this field, this field presents the precise counterpoint to the just lately commented Boulez and Masur containers: the whole assortment brings collectively for the primary time in a luxurious presentation, with an exquisitely documented ebook, paperwork which have principally disappeared from the catalog. Moreover, the field completes the recorded picture of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Mengelberg, Toscanini, Rodzinsky, Walter, Bernstein, Poles, Mehta, Masur having already been cured.
Can we blame Columbia (now Sony) for the legacy holes? Not proper. Within the 1940’s and 1950’s, it wasn’t like in the present day the place everybody scores at any value, as the identical label (DG with Nézet-Séguin and Dudamel) was in a position to unfold 8e symphonyby Mahler twice in the identical yr. We will remorse not listening to Mitropoulos in Mahler, however Mahler (curiosity was in its infancy, market nil) was entrusted to Bruno Walter, a good friend of the composer. The good repertoire of Columbia was the works of Eugene Ormandy and George Zell. We did not need to report Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart, and Haydn in Metropoulos.
Then Metropoulos turned well-known for selling XX . musice century. So we’ve scriptin (ecstasy poemAnd the hearth poem), Shostakovich (5eAnd the 10e symphonies), Prokofiev, Kodali, Vaughan Williams (cool!). There are superb well-known orchestral items (Polovtsian dancesAnd the apprentice magicianAnd the An exquisite symphonymany Tchaikovsky) and the accompanying discs of nice soloists, together with a number of grasp discs:empire With Casadesus, and 1he’s concerto Shostakovich with Ostrach, engravings with Zino Francescati for instance.
The well-known Metrobulus tablets are GoodThe PatheticThe 10e by Shostakovich. There are lots of different issues to gather right here, and lots of paraphrased paperwork are additionally obtainable for on-demand listening on the platforms. First there may be the Minneapolis period (1940 and 1947). It has been printed by specialist historic markers, however using authentic sources is a pleasure to listen to. There’s a large 2e symphony de Borodin, The“Isle of the Lifeless Rachmaninoff and the one instance of Metropoulos in Beethoven (A pastoral with sharp accents). This era is called 1 .he’s Recording of Mahler’s symphony “Titan”, its premiere in America in 1941. 3e by Schumann (what an epilogue!), that the standard of the execution these days is extra evident (wooden). The shortage of absolute formal perfection is a draw back even in New York.
Within the New York interval, we particularly found rather a lot 3e symphony From Mendelssohn that surpasses Minneapolis, a Janus Harry Kodály distinctive, andapprentice magician. addition Pal masks by Verdi on the Met confirms that Metropoulos was a terrific opera conductor. field contains Wozze ck the mountain, anticipation Schoenberg, Vanessa Barber and unusual abstract of Boris Godunov in english. To search out out extra, it’s a must to go and search for legendary evenings on specialised posters: electra in Salzburg in 1957 or The ability of destiny in Florence in 1953.
The right way to unite the small world and the large? There’s this scathing evaluate by Virgil Thompson who described Metropoulos as “too delicate, too overflowing, too brutal, too intelligent, too insecure, and missing in private talent; a conductor whose fervor approaches hysteria distorts the music of his nervous ardour.” There are these weighted phrases of the nice John L. Holmes: “Few recordings of Metropoulos, apart from Wozzeck, can aspire to the standing of “Nice Information of the Century”. His fashion was so private that his readings of the Normal Reference couldn’t be unanimous. However he was at all times an fascinating artist with a terrific persona, in a position to create fascinating interpretations. »
This “priest” usually carried the satan in his physique, and was very influenced by music. In an more and more sterile music world, that is what makes it so worthwhile in the present day.